Cybercrime and Countermeasures

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Cybercrime is a phenomenon which quickly appeared in the world in late 20th century. With the advent of computers, new options for criminals opened up. They found new ways to extort and steal money, to cause damage to personal property and much more. Many will compare cybercrimes and vandalism directly.

The Essence of Cybercrime

In all essence, cybercrime refers to all types of crimes, which revolve around computer and internet use. Just like the real world, the virtual world has a variety of theft, scam, vandalism and privacy intrusion felonies.a A large-scale campaign around the world has been active ever since cybercrimes were identified as a threat and is still running until this very day. The efforts to decrease cybercrime are constantly increasing.

The Types of Cybercrime

There are four main cybercrime types today. All of them have horrific consequences for users and have been deemed highly dangerous.

  1. Malicious Code

Malicious code is placed in various applications, which are supposed to do real damage to the computer of the user, or their privacy. Common examples of malicious code are Trojan horses for instance, or spyware. The most essential task of an application with malicious code within it, is to infiltrate a given system without being detected and removed.

  1. Network Attacks

Network attacks are attacks on a given network of computers. This is most commonly employed in corporate warfare. These attacks aim to delete, disrupt or otherwise stop the data flow between computers within the network. These are carried out either manually by hackers, or with the use of specialized programmable software, which follows a complex algorithm.

  1. Network Abuse

Network abuse aims to invade the privacy of a network of users. This is carried out by a person, who sends data to the users. This will most commonly include spam as an example. There are also cases in which keyloggers are sent out to gather information as preparation for attacks on bank accounts and other such instances.

  1. Social Engineering

Social engineering is the craft of manipulating people for various reasons. When it comes to cybercrime, it is usually used for tricking people into installing various types of malicious software. Scareware is another typical example. Through manipulation, the user will frequently be scammed into paying money for something that does no real work. This is the hardest to catch out of all cybercrimes, because it relies on the human element.

 Countermeasures

There is a wide array of countermeasures, which have been employed for stopping cybercrime all over the world. On the technical side, there is an abundance of antivirus software packages, which aim to seek out and destroy threats on the user’s computer. They vary in type and availability but generally serve the same function.

When it comes to the pure legal side, there have been numerous acts all around the globe to promote prevention of cybercrime. It is controlled by the law and there are various operations from the police and spec ops which aim to stop terrorism attacks.

As a whole, cybercrime is classified as an act of terrorism. That being said, there is the Counter-Terror Social Network Analysis and Intent Recognition. Special task forces work in identifying potential threats and raising awareness about them. They simulate various cases of cybercrime efficiency as an attempt to train people in anticipating them and protecting themselves.

Conclusion

Cybercrime is a serious felony, which is prosecuted in all developed countries equally. There are various levels when it comes to it, but in general, it can be divided into two areas – on a local level and on a global level. Both are considered terrorism, but significant attempts at decreasing it aim at the global level, because of potential risks for national security.

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